The US sanctions continue to target the Russian economy and ability to finance its aggression in Ukraine. On Thursday 24 February 2022, the US imposed further restrictions on Russian finance institutions, with sanctions against the two largest Russian banks and three other banks, and subsidiaries of these, in total around 90 financial institutions.
- Public Joint Stock Company Sberbank of Russia (Sberbank)
- VTB Bank Public Joint Stock Company (VTB Bank)
- Public Joint Stock Company Bank Financial Corporation Otkritie (Otkritie)
- Open Joint Stock Company Sovcombank (Sovcombank)
- Joint Stock Commercial Bank Novikombank (Novikombank)
In respect of Sberbank (Russia's largest bank) the US imposes a correspondent and payable-through sanction. This involves that by 26 March 2022, all U.S. financial institutions are required to close any Sberbank correspondent or payable-through accounts and to reject any future transactions involving Sberbank or its foreign financial institution subsidiaries. Attempted payments in USD thereafter will be disrupted and rejected once the payment hits a US financial institution. The sanctions also apply to any subsidiary owned 50 % or more, directly or indirectly, by Sberbank, including a list of 25 foreign financial institution subsidiaries.
The US has further imposed a full blocking of VTB Bank (Russia's second largest bank). This means an immediate freeze of all assets held by US financial institutions. This also applies to any subsidiary owned 50 % or more, directly or indirectly, by Sberbank, including a list of 20 subsidiaries located in Russia and eight other countries.
Full blocking sanctions also applies to Otkritie, Novikombank and Sovcombank and subsidiaries.
The US has further prohibited transactions and dealings by U.S. persons or within the United States in new debt of longer than 14 days' maturity and new equity of Russian state-owned enterprises, entities that operate in the financial services sector of the Russian Federation economy, and other entities determined to be subject to the prohibitions in the “Russia-related Entities Directive”. This includes the following entities:
- Gazprombank Joint Stock Company
- Joint Stock Company Russian Agricultural Bank
- Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom
- Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom Neft
- Public Joint Stock Company Transneft (Transneft)
- Public Joint Stock Company Rostelecom
- Public Joint Stock Company RusHydro
- Public Joint Stock Company Alrosa
- Joint Stock Company Sovcomflot
- Open Joint Stock Company Russian Railways
- Joint Stock Company Alfa-Bank
- Credit Bank of Moscow Public Joint Stock Company
In addition to the finance sanctions, the US export control regime has also been expanded. This includes Russia-wide denial of exports of sensitive technology, primarily targeting the Russian defense, aviation, and maritime sectors to cut off Russia’s access to US technology. In addition to restrictions on the Russian-defense sector, the United States government will impose Russia-wide restrictions on sensitive US. technologies produced in foreign countries using US-origin software, technology, or equipment. This includes Russia-wide restrictions on semiconductors, telecommunication, encryption security, lasers, sensors, navigation, avionics and maritime technologies.
Finally, a further six names have been added to the restricted person list.